Monday, April 8, 2013

Welcome to our Blog

On this blog, you will find SUNY Potsdam students' previews of SOME of the events in the Making the Future Academic Festival, to be held on our campus April 10-13. Scan our "openers" in the next post, and then click on MARCH at the right to read our previews of specific events.

The student writers are participants in my section of COMP101 Writing and Critical Thinking. Leave a comment to let us know you were here!

For the complete schedule of Festival events, see the wiki at

For the Festival overview, see Dr. Jennifer Mitchell,

Saturday, March 16, 2013

Introductions to our posts/topics

Each intro below leads you in to a set of posts. Click on posts to the right to read more!

GREEN CHEMISTRY: Please read posts by Stephanie Stassi and Erin Etherson. Green Chemistry is a field of science that aims to minimize potentially hazardous waste and maximize “green” (environmentally friendly) processes. The field of Green Chemistry is a relatively new area of science but an extremely important one. Over the past several decades the impact of toxic substances on our health and the environment’s has come to the attention of all and Green Chemistry was developed to combat this. Our guest lecturer, Dr. John Warner, is one of the founding fathers of Green Chemistry and will be giving an informative and important lecture.

SPACE EXPLORATION: Please read posts by Chloe Oetting, Ryan Colligan, Tony Scott, Ben Stern, Jamie Hefetz, and Demario Reed. The 1950s marked the start of space exploration. From then, much has been learned. As a result of a growing interest, in what was thought to be an endless abyss, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration was formed. Missions to the Earth’s moon and Mars followed soon after. Each of these missions had a specific, yet very important, task. These tasks could be anything from: finding black holes and their origins, bringing back lunar samples, to even applying real life things such as Aerogels to help assist a mission. Furthermore, some things are just out of our reach as humans, for now; a prime example of this would be the usage of the Mars Rover. As history shows, we will progress and seek more answers, just as we have since the 1950s.

GENDER & POWER, RACISM & ANTIRACISM: Please read posts by Jacqueline Whitman, Lindsey Kregel, Lanie Oles, and Kevin Agyakwa. Gender, racism, and inequalities seem to be timeless issues that continue to progress as time goes on. These topics continuously plague our society and we cannot escape them. Guest speakers Jane LaTour, Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, and SUNY Potsdam’s own Dr. Youngblood and Dr. Mitchell will be addressing these prominent issues with unique views. So be there or be square, and be prepared to think outside of the box!

CONTEMPORARY MEDIA: Podcasting & Global music: Please read posts by Angela de Gregory, Amber Reid, and Amanda Ryan. Podcasts and the changing access to the radio aid the development of the familiarization of global music. Different music and the media are expanding more than ever, and we believe more people could become exposed to this technology and other cultures by attending these events.

FILMS: Days of Glory, Fierce Green Fire. Please read posts by Lucellys Ortiz, Joseph Roger, and Rachel Grefke. Films serve the purpose of educating their audience in an entertaining way. At the Making the Future presentation they will be screening Days of Glory and A Fierce Green Fire: Battle for a Living Planet. These films will enlighten the audience on topics that are not often spoken about: Algerian soldiers in World War II and grassroots environmental movements.

EDUCATION: Please read post by Adriana Rizzo on Teaching Writing in the 21st Century. Are you an educator? Do you want to become one? Are you interested in the changing world due to technology? With the innovations in technology the world of education is drastically changing. In this blog post, you can read how technology is becoming mandatory in all
classrooms and how it can be beneficial to any student.

Chilean military coup, the other 9/11. Please see post by Jimmy MacAleer. Are you familiar with the brutal takeover by military coup in Chile on 9/11/73? most people aren't so you could be one of the few who are informed about this monumental topic and know something that none of your friends know. So read this blog post by your fellow Potsdam
student and be amazed.

Ancient agriculture. Please read the post by Kelcie Adams. Not too many people question where their food comes from. Sure, we know local versus corporate grown food, but what if we were to look beyond that? Studying ancient agriculture allows us to see how we first domesticated our food sources and what foods are "truly local" to our area.

Angela de Gregory: Power of Podcasting

Radio in the Digital Age: Podcasting and Radio's Revival. David Sommerstein, Kellas 104, Wednesday 1:00 - 2:00 pm

Power of Podcasting by Angela de Gregory

Go to your computer, and open iTunes. Go to the iTunes store, and click on “podcasts” in the top of the window. You can now see the wide array of free podcasts available for you to listen to. Most people think podcasts are just about music and media. Actually, there is a huge variety of podcast genres on ITunes covering religion, science, fitness, education, art, games, family, government, and so many more topics. Easy-access podcasts allow you to listen to the news while you’re walking your dog or at the gym instead of sitting in the house waiting for it to come on the radio.

People have been using podcasts like since around 2004. Mark Curry developed the first podcast because he was disappointed with how long it took to download audio files from the internet, and to listen to a podcast you just hit “play” on a website. Now there is a broad availability of podcasts available, and they’re easily available too (Johnson and McClung 83). Not only is the wide range of podcasts surprising, but because there are so many different types of podcasts they can appeal to different people for different uses.

David Sommerstein is a North Country Public Radio reporter and blogger. On April 10th at 1pm Sommerstein will give a presentation called “Radio in the Digital Age,” and he will discuss the changing radio and how it relates to podcasting.

One way podcasts can be used is in the classroom as a teaching tool. Myke Bartlett talks about how many different types of podcasts can be useful to learning different subjects for students inside and outside the classroom. Because there is such a wide range of different podcasts, different podcasts made by different people and corporations can be useful in different subjects. For example: a podcast about different countries might be better for a history class, while a podcast about literature would be better for an English class. When looking at the education category of podcast choices they range all the way from “English as a second language” to “CNN Student News.” Because podcasts can be easily shared, they are an even more interesting tool in the classroom as well.
Podcasts are simply just a digital MP3 file, with a microphone and a computer, so students could make their own podcasts to share and post online (Bartlett 69-70). On April 10th, Sommerstein will present how to create a podcast. I think that because podcasts are so easily accessible they could be helpful in the classroom, they could expose students to a different experience in both listening and writing, and they could teach students how to share information in a new way. The information students can get out of podcasts is a good experience, and, because of the easy access to the internet on different devices, they could be a convenient teaching tool. Educational podcasts would probably appeal to people in a school setting, while other types of podcasts would be more useful in other situations for different people or even organizations.

National Public Radio is a media organization that broadcasts news and music to millions of people (NPR). Now, not only do they broadcast on the radio, they are transforming to make the media they broadcast more available to the people that listen to them, “Long defined by its radio programming, National Public Radio is reinventing itself as a multiplatform force” (Dorroh 25). This means that instead of struggling to cope with the convenience of the internet interfering with the amount of listeners they have, they’re making their media more available online in podcast form. National Public Radio is interested in making their broadcasts convenient for their listeners, and because of the internet NPR has ceased the opportunity to expand (Dorroh 27). NPR collaborates with iTunes to get their podcasts into the world, and they are making their site more iPhone friendly (Dorroh 28). This means that instead of downloading tons of podcasts, people with smartphones can go to the NPR easily with their phone and choose the podcasts they want. This way, listeners can access NPR news much easier and faster, whenever and wherever they want. Although the article “The Transformation of NPR” was written in 2008, it still applies to how the internet is and can be adapted to not only by a classroom, but also on a larger scale.

In 2009, an article written by a student, Anya Luscombe, discusses how BBC also seems to be transforming radio to become more adapted to the changing access to media as well. Luscombe states that BBC is training their reporters to adapt to the “commercialization of radio” (Luscombe 111). Because of the threat posed to most media outlets (television and newspaper), BBC is beginning to adapt to these changes. Even though the radio seems to remain unaffected by the changing access to media, millions of people still tune into the media by other means (Luscombe 112). The fact that BBC is adapting to the digital availability to media can only help them get their news out to the world.

Even local stations like North Country Public Radio are doing more than just broadcasting on the radio. NCPR puts out world news from Canton, and is associated with National Public Radio. Not only does the North Country Public Radio website have a spot where you can find the FM radio station for your area, there is an option to listen to an NCPR live stream. You can subscribe to NCPR podcasts on iTunes, and have their regional news stories emailed to you or sent to your cell phone (NCPR).

Podcasts are just one example of the transformation happening with the multimedia world, and they are just one easy way to access the radio conveniently. David Sommerstein will discuss the changes in radio, and although things like the internet and podcasts seem like a threat to the radio business, the radio is thriving more than ever.

Works Cited

Bartlett, Myke. “A Voice in the World: Podcasts and the Classroom.” Screen Education 64 (2012):66-70. Communication & Mass Media Complete. Web. 27 Feb. 2013
Dorroh, Jennifer. “The Transformation of NPR.” American Journalism Review 30.5 (2008): 24-31. Communication & Mass Media Complete. Web. 20 Feb. 2013.
Johnson, Kristine and Steven McClung. “Examining the Motives of Podcast Users.” Journal of Radio & Audio Media 17.1 (May2010): 82-95. Web.
Luscombe, Anya. “The future of radio news: BBC radio journalists on the brave new world in which they work.” The Radio Journal-international Studies in Broadcast and Audio Media 17.2 (2009): 111-122. Communication and Mass Media Complete. Web. 1 Mar. 2013
NCPR North Country Public Radio. “What is NPR.” Web. 6 Mar 2013
National Public Radio. “About North Country Public Radio.” Web. 6 Mar. 2013

Stephanie Stassi: Green Chemistry: Improving our lives

Green chemistry: New eyes and new ideas in science. Keynote address by Dr. John Warner, Kellas 106, Wednesday 7:30 - 9:00 pm

Green Chemistry: Improving our lives and saving our planet by Stephanie Stassi

When most people think of Chemistry, they usually see it as a tedious and complicated subject, and to those who are not interested in the sciences the very notion of it is of no use to them. However, Green Chemistry is a field of science that is of great interest and use to all. Green Chemists use a new set of processes to reduce and/or eliminate hazardous and dangerous substances. Many of these substances are waste products from industrial processes, such as in the production of pharmaceuticals. However, it is not only in waste material that we can find hazardous substances. Toxic substances are all around us. They are used in the making of the food we eat, in the materials that are homes are constructed from and even the toys that children play with.

The first principle of Green Chemistry, as stated by the two foremost experts in the field, is “it is better to prevent waste than to treat or clean up waste after it is formed” (Anastas and Warner 30). This may seem like a common sense notion, but in the industrial world it is a fairly new concept.

The following is an example of how industrial waste affected a community. In the early 1980s Holbrook, Massachusetts was home to the Baird & McGuire factory which produced pesticides and insecticides. For years, residents took little notice of the acres of open land that contained empty barrels and a “green slime” strewn throughout the property. In 1982, the EPA placed the plant on its list of national high priority waste sites after the highly toxic chemicals arsenic, DDT and chlordane were found to have saturated the soil surrounding the factory. After the plant was forced to close, residents of the neighboring towns figured that they were out of harm’s way. They were soon sadly proven very wrong. It was quickly realized that people had and were developing serious illnesses at a right much higher than normal. Between 1979 and 1983, 24 male residents of Holbrook passed away from lung cancer; almost twice as many as would be expected for a town of its size.

Also during this period, men were being diagnosed with fatal bladder cancer at three times the average rate and women in Holbrook were diagnosed with uterine, cervical and ovarian cancers at twice the normal rate (“Living Dangerously”). Almost everyone has heard of situations such as this, but few experience them. Our lecturer, Dr. Warner, is one of the foremost experts in the field of Green Chemistry. As the co-founder of the Warner Babcock Institute of Green Chemistry he is on the front lines of the battle against dangerous substances making their way into our environment and consequently our lives. Without the Green Chemistry movement, instances such as the one at the Baird & McGuire factory will continue to happen, putting countless lives at risk.

Several other momentous events in history brought about the need of current practices to be evaluated and led the emergence of Green Chemistry as a scientific field. Just thirty years ago, the majestic bald eagle was placed on the endangered species list after poisoning from the then common insecticide DDT nearly killed off the entire species (Scheer). By the time that DDT was recognized as a known carcinogen (cancer causing agent), numerous people had been exposed to it (Sawant ). DDT was banned for use in the United States in 1972, but before this ban it was used a common pest control in homes, as well as in large scale situations such as the control of malaria carrying mosquitos in World War 2. Consequently, people also were inadvertently exposed to this dangerous chemical (DDT).

Although Green Chemistry aims its practices at reducing waste at an industrial level, it also imposes practices that can improve our health on a daily basis. Have you ever wondered how coffee was decaffeinated? In coffee production, the unwanted caffeine is “washed” away from the coffee beans by soaking them in solvents that have are known carcinogens ( Events). Not only are these chemicals dangerous to consumers’ health, they also add to the countless amounts of dangerous waste products that pose a significant risk if introduced into the environment. Green Chemistry practitioners have developed a much safer and environmentally conscious way of removing the caffeine using supercritical carbon dioxide, which is non-toxic and does not introduce more chemicals, like the solvents previously used, into the environment.

Advances in the field of Green Chemistry are vital to preserving our environment as well our own health. While reducing the use of toxic substances is one of the greatest aims of Green Chemistry, the field is also working towards utilizing renewable resources in place of depleting ones. The use of fossil fuels is an example of a depleting resource. Scientists in the field of Green Chemistry are currently looking for a substitute to this. One hopeful alternative is biodiesel which is made from plant based material (Ravichandran 1048). Alternative “greener” methods such as this are at the basis for Green Chemistry.

The chemicals and unsafe processes that Green Chemistry aims to eliminate may have significant negative implications on human health as well as the environments. Not only does Green Chemistry work to eliminate these chemicals, it advocates stopping their production completely. To do this means altering the types of production of many goods and changing to greener methods.

Green Chemistry is a science that works towards bettering our lives and preserving our health as well the natural environments. Ultimately, what is at stake here is our wellbeing and the preservation of our planet and the natural resources that it provides. Supporting the efforts of Green Chemistry scientists and educating yourself about what’s in the products you buy is vital to keeping our world a safe place to live.

Dr. Warner is one of the founding fathers of Green Chemistry and the President, Chief Technology Officer and Chairman of the Board of the Warner Babcock Institute of Green Chemistry. Dr. Warner is also currently serving on the Board of Directors of the Green Chemistry Institute, located in Washington, DC (“Learn Green Chemistry”).

Works Cited

Anastas and Warner. Green Chemistry. New York: Oxford University Press Inc. 1998. Print.

DDT. National Pesticide Information Center. N.p. 1999. Web. 17 March 2013.

Everts, Sarah. "Greener Chemistry: Everyday Products With An Eco-Tinge." New Scientist 205.2751 (2010): 34-38. Academic Search Complete. Web. 27 Feb. 2013.

Learn Green Chemistry. The Warner Babcock Institute for Green Chemistry. N.p N.d. Web. 3 March 2013

"LIVING, DANGEROUSLY, WITH TOXIC WASTES Three Tormented Towns Point Up Past, Present And Potential Problems." Time 126.15 (1985): 86. Academic Search Complete. Web. 28 Feb. 2013.

Ravichandran, S. "Implementation Of Green Chemistry Principles Into Practice." International Journal Of Chemtech Research 3.3 (2011): 1046-1049. Academic Search Complete. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.

Sawant, S. et al. "Green Chemistry: Why And How - For Sustainable Chemical Industry And Environmentally Commendable Civilization." Journal Of Pharmacy Research 4.12 (2011): 4798-4804. Academic Search Complete. Web. 25 Feb. 2013.

Scheer R. Has the Bald Eagle Landed?. E: The Environmental Magazine [serial on the Internet]. (2004, Nov), [cited February 27, 2013]; 15(6): 24-25. Available from: Academic Search Complete.

Erin Etherson: Green Chemistry Will Save Your Life

Green chemistry: New eyes and new ideas in science. Keynote address by Dr. John Warner, Kellas 106, Wednesday 7:30 - 9:00 pm

Green Chemistry Will Save Your Life by Erin Etherson

Do you know that anything with a mass is composed of chemicals? Do you know that
out of the 82,000 chemicals in the world, only 10% of them are safe (“Clean Chemistry”)? Well, we are affected by an unbelievable amount of chemicals every day and some could potentially harm us and the world. Products that you never thought would or could harm you are produced with extremely harmful chemicals, for example, the plastic wrap around corn.

There is no reason for products to be produced with these extremely hazardous chemicals. If you attend John Warner’s presentation, “Green chemistry: New
eyes and new ideas in science,” you will be informed that there is a new method of
production that chemists discovered that does not use hazardous chemicals. This new
method is called green chemistry, which by definition is “the design of chemical products and processes that reduce and eliminate the use and generation of hazardous
substance” (Anastas). Green chemistry targets pollution at the first stage of a product’s
development, meaning that before pollution can be produced, its eliminated or
extremely reduced.

John Warner graduated from UMASS Boston with his Bachelor of Science degree in
chemistry and then went to get his Doctor of Philosophy degree in chemistry from
Princeton University. In 2007, John Warner and Jim Babcock founded the Warner
Babock Institute for Green Chemistry. Warner is the President, Chairman of the Board
and Chief Technology Officer of the Warner Babcock Institute. John Warner has received three awards for his work, the American Institute of Chemistry’s Northeast Division’s Distinguished Chemist of the year from 2002, the 2004 Presidential Award for
Excellence in Science Mentoring, and the Council of Science Society President’s 2008
Leadership Award. Some people might be afraid to attend John Warner’s presentation
because they fear they won’t understand what he’s talking about, but a great quality of
Warner is that he’s amazing at talking to non-chemists. This is one of the qualities that
made me want to go to his presentation (John C. Warner, Ph.D.).

Research on green chemistry started in the mid-1900s. When the results of the green
chemistry methods were discovered, Professor Hearn, from Monash University, was
intensely curious why the method hadn’t been tested earlier in time because the results
were so fascinating (Greener Chemistry). Chemists were able to discover a method to make
products that don’t use hazardous substances. Not only does green chemistry make it
able to produce products safely, but it also cuts costs and avoids waste and hazards.
During the presentation, John Warner will inform his audience on different examples of
hazardous products that will most likely surprise his listeners. You would have never
thought that the plastic around corn could harm you, right? Well, the plastic is extremely
harmful to your health and to the environment. The plastic is considered to have an
“eco-tinge,” meaning that it’s produced with extremely harmful chemicals. The plastic is
constructed with fossil fuels. Fossil fuels take millions of years to build up and are only
useful for a few hours (Everts) This product takes years to disintegrate into the Earth,
which is tremendously harmful. Companies are now beginning to produce plastic from
renewable sources, making it safer for everyone’s health and the environment. Plastic
wrap isn’t the only unexpected product that is hazardous: other examples are wool
clothing and body creams. I’d prefer to know what products are going to negatively
affect me so I can avoid them, rather than not knowing and having harm done to my
body. Therefore you should learn about this by attending John Warner’s presentation, “Green chemistry: New eyes and new ideas in science,” on a method that could change the world.

During John Warner’s presentation, he’ll be discussing many topics. He’s most likely
going to go into detail about how old production methods harm human health and cause
pollution and the advantages of green chemistry in comparison to the disadvantages of
old methods. That might not sound interesting to some people, but the chances are that
if you go, since John Warner will be talking about everyday products in terms that his
audience can understand, everyone will be itching to know more.

An example of an advantage of green chemistry that Warner may talk about may be how, through research, chemists are trying to find a way to get the E-factor of products below one, meaning there would be fewer kilograms of chemicals in a product. Today, not using green chemistry, pharmaceuticals usually have an E-factor between 100 - 150,000. If green chemistry could discover a way for products to have an E-factor lower than one, products wouldn’t generate waste or they would produce barely any waste. Also, low Efactors would contribute to a huge cost savings to waste disposal costs. Not only does green chemistry affect human health and the environment, but it would also lower many different costs.

The effects of green chemistry benefit the earth and every person, so everyone should
care about this matter and should be informed on the topic! It’s important to understand
what you’re exposing yourself to everyday and John Warner’s presentation, will inform
you on a lot that you should know. I am extremely interested in going to his
presentation. It’s going to make me realize how many “dirty” chemicals (“Clean Chemistry”) I’m harmed by every day and exactly how they affect my body.

John Warner’s presentation, “Green chemistry: New eyes and new ideas in science,” on Wednesday, April 10th, at 7:30 p.m., will inform you on all the aspects of green chemistry. You’ll walk out of his presentation knowing all about products that affect your everyday life without you knowing and how products can be developed through the method of green chemistry that won’t harm your body. You won’t regret going!

Works Cited

Braidotti, Gio. "CHEMISTRY's NEW-AGE Green Reaction." Chronicle Of Higher
Education (2012): 28-29. Academic Search Complete. Web. 1 Mar. 2013.

“Clean Chemistry.” Utne Reader. Nov.-Dec. 2011. Web.

"The Green Chemistry Revolution." Multinational Monitor 30.2 (2009): 32-36. Academic
Search Complete. Web. 1 Mar. 2013.

"'Father Of Green Chemistry' To Speak In Melbourne." Chemistry In Australia 78.4
(2011): 5. Academic Search Complete. Web. 1 Mar. 2013.

"Leadership Team." Warner Babcock Institute for Green Chemistry : About WBI : Who
We Are : : John Warner, Ph.D. Warner Babcock, n.d. Web. 07 Mar. 2013.

"Beyond Benign." Beyond Benign : Green Chemistry Faq. Beyond Benign, 2007. Web.
07 Mar. 2013.

"John C. Warner, Ph.D." John C. Warner, Ph.D. The Warner Babcock Institute, n.d.
Web. 07 Mar. 2013.

Everts, Sarah. "Greener Chemistry: Everyday Products With An Eco-Tinge." New
Scientist 205.2751 (2010): 34-38. Academic Search Complete. Web. 1 Mar. 2013.

Warner, John. "Learn Green Chemistry." Learn Green Chemistry. A Warner Babcock
Project, n.d. Web. 01 Mar. 2013.

Lucellys Ortiz: WWII’s Other Side

Joseph Roger: Days of Glory, Days of Tragedy

Days of Glory. Film, followed by discussion led by Dr. Abdelkader Cheref, Knowles Conference Center, Wednesday 9:00 pm - 11:30 pm

Days of Glory by Joseph Roger

In 1944 Germany attacked Normandy and that’s when World War 2 started (, 3 Oct 2003. Web. 12 Mar 2013). World War 2 is known for being the most deadly war to men. The allies were the French, United States, and Russia. The axis powers were German and Japan. Italy was at first an axis power but then they switch sides to the allies (Holocaust Memorial Museum, 11 May 2012. Web. 12 Mar 2013). The Germans lost the First World War and that made them lose a lot of power and Hitler helped them get back on their feet, just in a bad way. There are many films made about World War 2 and one of them is Indigenes, also known as Days of Glory. Some countries drafted many people and the French even drafted Algerians from North Africa to help them fight to get France back from the Germans.

Soldiers usually get honor and respect for suffering and with everything they went through. We, the United States, are at war with terrorists in this modern age. For those who fight for freedom, you could see what they go through and the honor they get. You should also see and learn how soldiers can be treated badly in wars. Even though this movie is not about the United States, you could learn a lot from a great soldier's experience. In the French military, Algerians weren’t treated right and in the film you get to see that and how it affects them during their journey.

Many of the soldiers in the film Days of Glory are Algerians. Algeria is in the north of Africa, South of the Mediterranean Sea-- next to the countries of Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, and Mauritania. The French want to keep Algeria as a colony in order to have control of the Mediterranean Sea (ibiblio. Web, 12 Mar 2013). The French saw the Algerians as people who were going backward and didn’t have the same rights as the French people, like the right to vote. The Algerians had a war of independence against the French after World War II, from 1954 to 1962 (Wikipedia, 6 Mar 2013. Web. 12 Mar 2013).

Days of Glory is a movie written by Rachid Bouchareb, Olivier Lorelle and directed by Rachid Bouchareb (IMDb). In Europe many civilians were dying because of the Nazis, so they had to get many people to join the army. They went to Africa to recruit people for the army. Back in that time, there were still some racist problems. Their unit had some trouble at the beginning but later on the journey they started to get along. This movie is a tragic movie, so it doesn’t really have a good ending. In the end, many people died and you realize how many of them gave up their lives for their country and France the colonizer of Algeria. (IMDb).

Now a days the Algerians are known for being a warrior and standing up for their country. They will fight for the country, even if that means, sacrificing some men of their own. Algeria is one of the countries that won't tolerate terrorism and are doing a good job of keeping the terrorists away from them. They proved they will do anything for their country and have it free from invaders on Thursday 17 January 2013 when they attacked a gas plant that was taken by the terrorists (Guardian). The Algerians attacked the gas plant without telling anyone. At the gas plant there were many hostages, but they still attacked to get their gas plant back and that caused many of the hostages to get killed (Guardian). Algerians are proud of their country and will do what they can to not belong to anyone and stay free.

Algerians have made it really far as a country and their history is very interesting. They went though many things in the pass and are still going through many situations, but they still find a way to solve their problems. The Algerians are moving forward as a colony, they are free from the French and are doing a great job keeping the terrorists away from their country. They are proud of what they have done and we should recognize them and give them credit for everything they have gone through. Hopefully they will keep doing the good job they are doing by moving forward on technology and on life.

There are many reasons why you should watch the movie the Days of Glory. One of the reasons is because you don’t have to read: it's a movie. It's also good to see what people went through in the war. Also you learn more about history, not just yours but other country history. The movie is going to be showing on Wednesday, April 10 at 9pm. I really recommend you watch this movie; you are going to learn some history without reading a book.

• Chris Cross,, 25 Jan 2013. Web. 12 Mar 2013
• History Army,, 3 Oct 2003. Web. 12 Mar 2013 ( didn’t find the authors name)
• Holocaust Memorial Museum,, 11 May 2012. Web. 12 Mar 2013
• IMDb,, Web. 12 Mar 2013( doesn’t have date or author)
• Patrick Clancey,, Web, 12 Mar 2013 (didn’t found the last update)
• Wikipedia,, 6 Mar 2013. Web. 12 Mar 2013